The kiwifruit, also called kiwi, is the edible berry of a vine. It originates in China and was known as the Chinese gooseberry. It has a fibrous, dull brown-green skin and bright green or golden flesh with rows of tiny, black, edible seeds. Kiwi has a soft texture and a sweet flavor.
Health Benefits of Kiwifruits
Kiwi contains a very high amount of vitamin C, a lot more than oranges. It also contains good amounts of vitamin B6, vitamin K, vitamin E, B vitamins, pectin (fiber) and potassium, as well as small amounts of carotenoids, the precursors of vitamin A. It is a low-calorie fruit, with about 46 calories for a medium size kiwi.
Studies have shown that kiwi may lower triglycerides levels. It has also been said to have blood thinning properties.
Buying and Storing Kiwifruits
Look for firm fruits that give slightly to gentle pressure. They should neither be too hard nor too soft to the touch. Most kiwis are sold hard and will ripen at home at room temperature.
Soft or overwrinkled kiwis may be overripe, in which case they will not taste good at all because they have entered a process of alcoholic fermentation.
If kiwifruits are not yet ripe when you buy them, you can speed ripening by placing them together with other fruit at room temperature.
Ripe kiwis can be kept in the refrigerator and should stay fresh for about a week.
To peel a kiwifruit, trim both ends with a sharp knife, and use the knife to peel the fruit. You can also cut the kiwi in half and use a spoon to take the flesh out.
Heating is not recommended, as the kiwi would turn an unappetizing shade of olive green.
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